The objective of the Norwegian foresight process “Oil and Gas in the 21st Century” was to assess the possibilities for a sustainable petroleum industry for the next 100 years through joint efforts concentrating on knowledge and technology.
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The overall goal of the project was to develop a methodology for the NNFP or National Nanotechnology Foresight Program and to outline the global and national trends in nano-science and nanotechnology. Analytical studies were designed to feed the development of the Russian Nanotech Initiative and to provide inputs to Delphi-survey and scenario development processes.
With Europe’s move towards adopting a common integrated maritime policy, a strong need was felt in 2002 for Malta to explore ways of re-assessing its maritime sector in terms of enhancing the competitiveness of its maritime industry and exploiting the marine RTD base in niche areas that could offer strategic opportunities for growth. The Marine Foresight Pilot Exercise implemented in 2003, used specific tools and adapted foresight approaches to address these concerns taking into account the particular socio-political and economic contexts of the Maltese Islands. The foresight process and its outcomes (a vision for 2020) triggered a strategic national dialogue on the importance of the marine sector, which was instrumental in positioning the marine sector among the priority areas targeted for public research investments in the National Strategic Plan for Research and Innovation 2007-2010.
On the eve of accession to the European Union, Malta like all new members states, experienced considerable pressure for change. This included a drive to adapt RTDI policies for participation in the European Research Area. For a small transition economy with limited resources there was a need to adopt a creative approach to policy development. In the period 2002-2003 foresight was introduced to Malta via three pilot projects conducted by the MCST. These pilot projects played an important role in breaking path-dependencies. They liberated the mind-sets of stakeholders and provided occasion for mutual learning on systemic issues. Foresight is now an inte-gral part of the day-to-day work of the MCST which continues to promote and encourage its application to other policy domains.