The exercise presented includes scenarios of key Russian economic sectors and determines necessary technologies in accordance with such scenarios. As key sectors, the foresight team investigated the energy, iron and nonferrous-metals industry, agriculture, the chemical industry and pharmaceutics, the aircraft industry, commercial shipbuilding and the information sector.
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EFP Brief No. 208: Forecasting of Long-term Innovation Development in Russian Economic Sectors: Results, Lessons and Policy ConclusionsSaturday, March 17th, 2012
The efficiency of the national innovation system in Russia is the key issue in the transition from a resource-based to a knowledge-based economy. The President’s programme of technological modernisation of industries announced in 2010 envisages a set of systemic policy measures aimed at bridging the gaps between key stakeholders, i.e. business, R&D institutions, universities and government. S&T foresight is considered as one of the key instruments to identify national S&T priorities and formulate a long-term perspective for S&T development and innovation in Russia.
R&D and innovation cooperation between the EU, its member states (MS), the countries associated (AC) to the FP7 and Russia is developing dynamically at the multilateral as well as bilateral levels. In this context and within the framework of the EU-FP7 funded ERA.Net RUS project, a foresight exercise is being implemented. Structural and thematic scenarios for a sustainable R&D and innovation cooperation between the countries involved will be developed with the time horizon of 2020. The foresight results will lay the groundwork for a joint R&D and innovation funding programme and will be fed into the policy making process on R&D and innovation cooperation between the EU, the EU MS/AC and Russia.
The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation started systemic foresight activities aimed at different issues related to science, technology and innovation. Following development of national S&T priorities (see ), it launched a study to identify pri-ority areas for innovation development for a pilot region – the Republic of Bashkortostan. The methodologies and design of the pro-ject are to be used as a pattern for other regions, whereas the results obtained contribute to the development of the regional programme of social and economic development.
The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation conducted a foresight exercise aimed at identifying national S&T priorities and developing the list of critical technologies. The study was organized on a new methodological basis compared to the two previous exercises undertaken in 1996 and 2002. The results obtained were used as a background for the Federal Science and Technology Programme.
The overall goal of the project was to develop a methodology for the NNFP or National Nanotechnology Foresight Program and to outline the global and national trends in nano-science and nanotechnology. Analytical studies were designed to feed the development of the Russian Nanotech Initiative and to provide inputs to Delphi-survey and scenario development processes.